Concepts

Concept

In order to use FactCast effectively it is necessary to have an overview of the concepts and to understand how FactCast might differ from other solutions you are already familiar with. So let's take a look at the basics:

Write (publish)

With FactCast you can publish Facts which will be written into a log. You can publish a single Fact as well as a list of Facts atomically (all-or-none).

With optimistic locking you can use conditional publishing, which is based upon aggregates that do not change during the lifecycle of the lock (see optimistic locking).

Read (subscribe)

In order to receive Facts you have to subscribe to FactCast with a subscription request. This is where FactCast significantly differs from other solutions because the subscription request contains the full specification of what events to receive. This means that no server-side administration is needed, nor any prior knowledge about the streams where to publich the Facts into.

role="alert"> TODO see SubscriptionRequest

In addition to the specification of events to read, the SubscriptionRequest also specifies the events to skip (e.g. due to previous consumption). The request also defines how to deal with Facts being published in the future.

role="alert"> Note that Facts are always guaranteed to be sent in the order they were published.

The three usual subscription models and their corresponding use cases are:

Subscription Type Description
Follow This covers the 80% of the use cases. Here the consumer catches up with Facts from the past and also receives Facts in the future as they are published. On subscription the consumer sends the id of the last event processed and gets every Fact that matches the specification and has been published after this last known Fact.
Catchup This subscription catches up with past events but does not receive any new Facts in the future. A usual use case for this subscription is a write model that needs to collect all kinds of information about a specific aggregate in order to validate or to reject an incoming command.
Ephemeral The consumer does not catch up with past events, but receives matching Facts in the future. A possible use case is e.g. cache invalidation. Not suitable for read models.

All these subscription types rely on a streaming transport which uses (at the time of writing) GRPC.

Read (fetch)

In some situations the bandwidth of the consumption has to be reduced. This can happen if either there are too many consumers interested in the same Fact or consumers keep receiving the same Facts (e.g. catchup subscriptions without snapshotting). Pushing only ‘ids’ (or URLs) instead of complete Facts can improve the performance. Depending on the protocol being used HTTP-Proxies or local caches can also be applied for further performance enhancement.